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What you need to know about painting with watercolors

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Watercolor painting in both figurative and abstracted work, where you let your feelings go its own way. But whether you want to paint with your feeling or with your mind, it is always necessary to master the technique, otherwise it becomes a mess that nobody cares about.

Where you asked yourself whether it matters really matter which Watercolor paper to use,  types of brushes, watercolor paint – types of paint, basic tools and extra requirements, practice makes perfect, watercolor techniques and, the list goes on…..
The possibilities with watercolor paint are countless. But before you start with this creative expression, first something about the materials you need:

Watercolor paper

Paper is available in many types, cheap and expensive, good quality or bad. I advise you not to experiment with cheap paper. If you then switch to better paper, the results are often completely different again. So buy a good paper from a art store. You can buy this paper in all shapes and sizes, single sheets or on a block of 10 or more sheets. A block is useful because the paper will not stand up so quickly. Use 200 gsm paper, 300 gsm or higher,  you can also buy per sheet.

For watercolors you have special brushes, which you do not use for other types of paint. They are usually soft brushes. The image shows a spalter at the top, which you use for large surfaces and for the rough work. For the fine work you use different brushes, such as a trowel brush; With this you can draw long straight lines or write texts in your work. To draw a straight line with a tug you can use a ruler as an aid.

 watercolor pencils

Watercolor pencils

You can buy paint in tubes and pans, but there are also water color crayons and pencils available. If you have big plans with watercolors, I advise you to buy tubes. But also with the pans you can advance a good time. There is a lot of quality difference in paint. The more expensive varieties, such as the Rembrandt paint from Talens, contain more pigment and have a higher colourfastness. The colors are deeper and more intense.

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Basic tools

  • Water – Always put at least two containers of clean water, a bowl to rinse your brush and a container to make the paint and make your watercolor paper wet
  • Sponge – to wet large surfaces
  • Tissues – to dab paint
  • Heat gun – to dry painted parts faster
  • Masking fluid – to save white parts of your paper(un-painted.).
  • Pencil and eraser – in case you want to make a drawing first
  • Pallet with wells to mix colors

Practice makes perfect

It is said of watercolor that it is the most difficult painting technique and that is true, because you can not paint over it if there is a mistake. Moreover, you must already know in advance which parts should remain white or light. You can not correct that later, unless with white acrylic paint, but that often becomes a mess. Just assume that, before you are satisfied with your work, there are already a few failures in the trash. That happens to me regularly too. In that respect I could put ‘patience’ and ‘perseverance’ on the list of requirements.

 

Watercolor techniques

  • Work from light to dark paint.
  • Layer paint to get rich colors.
  • Use painter’s tape to preserve the edges
  • Cardboard to stretch the paper
  •  Use salt or alcohol for interesting effect

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Basic Watercolor Painting Techniques For Beginners

h-watercolor-supplies2The watercolor painting has a great advantage: it quickly leads to the final images. Unlike many other artistic techniques, it does not require much to get started. In addition, the drying process is very short. Therefore, many artists have used watercolors for sketches and studies.

Adding colors in wet areas, obviously the control resides only in wet areas where you want to cause color mixing.

We gonna talk about six techniques learned so far,  in which two special painting techniques bring the watercolor paint to particular advantage: varnishing and maneuvering. Both techniques work with the properties of water. On one hand, it takes some time to dry. So you have about one to three minutes to paint wet-on-wet . On the other hand it dries so quickly that you can paint over the already dried paint layers (glazing). In general, both methods are the watercolor paint to use.

  • Glaze: Also called colored layering. When glazing the rapid drying of the water plays a role. Under glazing means the application of paint, in which the underlying color layer or the image cause remains to be seen. The water color gets a special appeal (color fastness) if it is semi-transparent coated on the white image background. By superimposing a plurality of color layers are formed light-dark shades or mixing color values. By the volatility of water watercolor paint dries relatively quickly. After a short time, it can be old over the underlying surfaces as new “watercolor glazes”. What is important is that the underlying layers are thoroughly dried. In addition, the glaze should be quickly painted. Otherwise, the lower color layer could dissolve. The controlled layering of color surfaces is an essential feature of watercolor paintings.
  • In contrast, the maneuvering is based on the property that the water diluted watercolor paint remains for some time moist. During this time, can be painted in a different color in this area. This process is also called wet-on-wet painting. In this melt and washes out the colors.
  1. Basically melt not the color, but water that carries the colors in it. It tries thereby to distribute as evenly as possible. Areas with more fluid flow toward the more dried surfaces. The water but does not exceed the “wet border”. It dissolves only in the area which was previously wet targeted by brush. The result consists of color structures and areas of color, in which “melt” the different (or same) Watercolors
  2. One of the methods is to do watercolor painting “wet on wet”. The base which allow moisture is merging colors. It is used in areas that do not require definition or details, such as clouds. Paint is applied to a layer without drying is achieved with practice, allows to get diluted interaction of colors contours. Depends on the role and amount of paint, and humidity, there is generally to wait until the brightness decreases.
  • Wet on dry:  At the beginning of the working watercolor wet on dry. The color depth was achieved by successive layers. With this technique sharp contours are produced and used on water, bright light and shadows.. this method in which each layer must be dried before painting the next. It is the typical situation of use of the hair dryer to speed drying. In addition with the dry brush technique will allow us to create textures and details in the first place.
  •  Dry brush: This is a technique in detail, it is to use very little water in the brush, apply the color with an almost dry brush. It has a little more control with this method, and you have to use it for textures and details. For example, you can not paint a sky with a dry brush..
  • Masking fluid: It is applied to the dry paper and allowed to dry completely before applying paint over it . It
    is used to keep the paper white, so you can paint freely without destroying the target. The color masking helps identify you to remove it at the end.
    The watercolor is spontaneity, so that the use of masking must be made creatively, to go to step purists watercolor.
    The most common applications are: development a picture by parties, including highlight, and painted in negative. As the liquid mask is permanent when dry, it is recommended to use an old paintbrush to apply petroleum jelly or cover it before dip it in the mask.
  •  Lift paint: Its first function was to correct errors. However it is used to produce highlights, blurring contours, produce motion when used with a wash. The key to control of this technique lies in the paper and color to extract. As tools can be used: a sponge, a brush, a cotton swab, Cleanex … and not forgetting the rubber cement.

To make straight lines you can use a paper towel folded into the desired thickness.
In wet paint can be done with a rigid object; cane knife … if it is too wet will make a dark to make a channel for the pigment, otherwise the line will have a clear tone.

 

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Basic Guide to Watercolor Painting Supplies

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When first starting with watercolors, like many ask themselves about “What Watercolor Set Should I Buy”. I am by no mean a watercolor professional, i am still in the learning process.

The first thing to look at when buying a watercolor is whether it is light-fastness or not. Major watercolor brands are generally not permeated with extenders.

What is a watercolor?

A “watercolor” (from the Latin “aqua” = “water”). The special feature of the watercolor is the luminosity that can be achieved by the special structure of the color. Watercolor paint is water-soluble, and it is applied by glazing generally. The white of the image carrier (usually paper) shines through the thin layer of paint through and gives the watercolor image a special glow.

Watercolor painting has an artistic technique, a centuries-old tradition. Although the painting technique in principle is very simple, it requires in detail but a lot of practice to achieve true mastery.

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The following watercolor brands are recommended: Winsor & Newton, Van gogh, Pelikan, Lukas, Daniel smith, and Schmincke (Schmincke is probably the highest quality). Pelican Watercolors and boxes are not recommended for experienced artists, but rather for students or beginners. Most brands come with both student and professional artist grade. If you just starting out, then student grade is a good option for you. Another good option will be White Nights Watercolours from St. Petersburg, Russia. I have been experimenting with these watercolors pan and  i must say that it is highly pigmented, a good choice if you want to start transitioning from student grade to artist level without breaking the bank if you are on a budget.

Anyone who wants to create watercolors of lasting value (e.g. years under hanging on the wall), should invest in better supplies by that i mean watercolor paints with lightfast pigments. Nothing is more annoying than a beautiful image that fades over the years, because the artist or the artist has used cheap supplies while working.

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Watercolor Painting Medium: mixing colors

Watercolor painting based on a glazing technique. this means that the colors are applied only translucent on paper. The underlying layers are visible. By layering of different colors is also produced a mixture of colors – if you mix blue for example with yellow, it creates a shade of green. You can freely and effective mix in a suitable way a watercolor box and  watercolor paint.

Watercolor Palette

Because of the mixed media of watercolor paint on watercolor paper Comes the “primary colors” in Watercolor paintings has a special significance. Blue, Red and money must in every watercolor box. It is advisable to have two shades in the box. In addition, depending on the “color of the artist”, a few individual sounds that can give the image an individual focus. More about “Watercolor Set Basic Set”.

Watercolor Light-fastness

Care should be taken not only to the color value, but also on the light-fastness when buying watercolor paint. In stores are almost always specialized panels designed on which the light-fastness with stars or points indicated. Make sure that you select colors possible with maximum light-fastness. Otherwise it may happen that the water colors over time (especially by light-exposure) luminosity lose (fade). In the worst case, even the color can change itself. More about the specifics of watercolor paint.